November Labor History
7 November 1959
The Taft-Hartley Act is invoked by the Supreme Court to break a steel strike.
9 November 1935
The Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) was formed to expand industrial unionism.
11 November 1919
The Centralia Massacre. Violence erupted when members of the American Legion attempted to force their way into an IWW hall in Centralia, Washington during an Armistice Day anniversary celebration. Four Legionnaires were shot dead by members of the IWW, after which IWW organizer Wesley Everest was lynched by a local mob.
13 November 1914
A Western Federation of Miners strike is crushed by the militia in Butte, Montana.
21 November 1927
Picketing miners were massacred in Columbine, Colorado.
22 November 1909
The "Uprising of the 20,000." Female garment workers went on strike in New York; many were arrested. A judge told those arrested: "You are on strike against God."
23 November 1887
The Thibodaux Massacre. The Louisiana Militia, aided by bands of "prominent citizens," shot at least 35 unarmed black sugar workers striking to gain a dollar-per-day wage, and lynched two strike leaders.
23 November 1903
Troops were dispatched to Cripple Creek, Colorado to control rioting by striking coal miners.
December Labor History
2 December 1911
A Chicago "slugger," paid $50 by labor unions for every scab he "discouraged," described his job in an interview: "Oh, there ain't nothin' to it. I gets my fifty, then I goes out and finds the guy they wanna have slugged. I goes up to `im and I says to `im, `my friend, by way of meaning no harm,' and then I gives it to `im -- biff! in the mug. Nothin' to it."
5 December 1955
The two largest labor organizations in the U.S. merged to form the AFL-CIO, with a membership estimated at 15 million.
15 December 1941
The AFL pledges that there will be no strikes in defense-related industry plants for the duration of the war.
22 December 1919
Amid a strike for union recognition by 395,000 steelworkers (ultimately unsuccessful), approximately 250 "anarchists," "communists," and "labor agitators" were deported to Russia, marking the beginning of the so-called "Red Scare."
25 December 1910
A dynamite bomb destroyed a portion of the Llewellyn Ironworks in Los Angeles, where a bitter strike was in progress.
28 December 1944
President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the Army to seize the executive offices of Montgomery Ward and Company after the corporation failed to comply with a National War Labor Board directive regarding union shops.
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